H.M.A.S. Armidale Survivors.

In my posts The Armidale Raft and Follow-up to the Armidale Raft, I mentioned briefly the loss of the World War Two Royal Australian Navy corvette H.M.A.S. Armidale to enemy air action in late 1942. One of the first public interviews of survivors was conducted by the ABC Radio war correspondent Peter Hemmery. The interview of Leading Signalman

A Roll of the Die.

The role of civilian industry in wartime does not feature in our telling of military history as often as the stories of those who physically risked their lives on a battlefield. However without industrial innovation and production, there can be no ‘front line’ or ‘tip of the spear.’ The following story about one private British business and their

Birth of the Australian WWII Independent Companies.

While there is no direct, unbroken lineage between today’s Australian special forces and the Australian independent companies, commando squadrons, and special units of World War Two in the Pacific, it is acknowledged that the former were the antecedents of our present Special Air Service and Commando Regiments. Despite it being common knowledge that the independent companies – the

New life for Abandoned WWII “orphan” ?

Krait-Jaywick type commando canoe find in Melbourne suburb is of Historic significance. Discovered this week in Ringwood, Vic. after the death of its owner; Mr. Hammond, is a British MKI** folboat used by Australian Commandos in the famous ‘Operation Jaywick’ raid, when they were deployed using the captured Japanese fishing boat, the MV KRAIT at the height of the

The Battle for Wau – 75 Years on.

Seventy-five years ago today marks the beginning of the Battle for Wau in the Mandated Territory of New Guinea. A Japanese regimental group built around two battalions of the 102nd Infantry Regiment attempted to capture the township and airstrip of Wau in the Bulolo Valley from ‘Kanga Force’, an Australian command, the bulk of which was the newly

George Warfe School – A Photograph.

At left is the ‘new’ classroom of the George Warfe Memorial Elementary School at Kamiatum, Papua New Guinea. The community is keen to provide the most effective education possible for their children, despite a great lack of resources. They would welcome any interaction with Australian teachers or schools. [Because of the limitations of the blog format, I’ve had

George Warfe School, Kamiatum, Papua New Guinea – An Update.

Long ago, in March, 2014, I announced that the small community of Kamiatum, just inland from Salamaua in Papua New Guinea, had decided to name their new elementary school after a prominent WW2 and post-war Australian soldier and infantry commander, Colonel George Warfe, D.S.O., M.C., E.D. Due to a lack of local resources and the challenge of maintaining effective

Mullalyup to Mississippi – Part II.

CONTINUED from Part I. In a further report of the incident, Bender described informing Hawter that as it was impossible for the two of them to exit the aircraft from the pilot’s hatch, he, Hawter, could escape from the bottom hatch in the navigator’s compartment. Bender surmised that Hawter had been overcome by the smoke or flames. He

Mullalyup to Mississippi – An RAAF Airman’s Journey.

In many ways, Flight Sergeant Edgar Horace Hawter was not unlike the thousands of other Australians of his generation who volunteered to serve their country in the Second World War and never returned. He was certainly not alone in being recorded, initially, as ‘Missing.’ Hawter’s remains, however, were found, but could not be positively identified and thus separated,


Sometimes after a blog article is posted, additional information becomes available that will add to the story without changing its premise. What follows are three such additions regarding the first man killed on mainland New Guinea in World War Two, the burdens of infantrymen throughout history, and the basic structure – or War Establishment – of an Australian
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