We Intend to Cease Fighting – A Japanese Unit Surrender, May 1945, New Guinea.

Anyone who has done some cursory reading about the Second World War in the Pacific will know that for the Japanese soldier, surrendering to their enemy was not an officially sanctioned option. While the surrender of individuals and small groups certainly occurred, it was unusual for units of Japanese to lay down their arms on the order of

The Structure of an Infantry Battalion of the Royal Australian Regiment, 1953.

Previously, we looked at the structure of an Australian infantry battalion and an Australian independent company in the Second World War in order to better understand what such units were capable of. In this post, we will glance – again, very briefly – at the structure of a Royal Australian Regiment infantry battalion of the early post-WWII Australian

Australian Independent Company Commander – Brigadier T.F.B. MacAdie D.S.O., C.B.E. (2/7th Aust. Ind. Coy).

Of the eight Australian Independent Companies formed in the first half of the Second World War, only one, the 2/7th, is not represented by a formal, published unit history. This means that not only is there no substantial narrative – aside from occasional personal anecdotes available on internet sites such as that of the 2/6th Cavalry Commando Regiment

Guns and ‘Dirty’ Gold: A New Guinea Invasion-Time Mystery.

Prior to the Second World War in the Pacific, the territories of Papua and New Guinea to the north of Australia had been the scene of several gold rushes. One such area that was still being worked at the outbreak of the war was the Wau-Bulolo Valley in the Mandated Territory of New Guinea. It was here, during

Supply in the Jungle (New Guinea, 1943) – By Indigenous Feet.*

In my post Supply in the Jungle – By Air I began to refer to the difficulties involved in supplying soldiers, using the Third Australian Division in the Wau-Salamaua, New Guinea, campaign of 1943 as an example. Once aircraft – if they were available – had ‘dropped’ the required supplies, however, they still needed to be transported to

Extract No.3 from “Commando White Diamond” by Don Astill – The Lighter Side of Army Life.

The 2/8th Australian Independent Company, under the command of Captain C.W. Bayly, set out from their training base at No. 1 Camp, Tidal River on Wilson’s Promontory, Victoria, at the beginning of the fourth week of September, 1942. They reached Yandina on the Sunshine Coast in south-east Queensland on the 25th, and once all together again – an

2/7th Australian Independent Company (Part II).

When we left Part I, the 2/7th Australian Independent Company was undergoing specialist training at the Guerilla Warfare School at Wilson’s Promontory, Victoria. With the war in Papua far to the north still very much in the balance, MacAdie’s company was destined to be committed to action as soon as it was considerable capable. Though their activities never

Fully Loaded: The Burdens of the Infantryman throughout History.

The weight carried on the person by an infantry soldier has throughout history partly determined how, where, and how well he fought. Other elements such as intelligence on the enemy, skill in the use of weapons and tactics, and topographical and weather conditions have also helped to influence the outcome of conflicts. However the effectiveness of the individual

Lesser Known Conflicts: The Mexico – United States of America War.

The war of 1846 to 1848 between the United States of America and the former Spanish colony of Mexico occupies but a moment in the timeline of U.S. military history, however coming as it did between the War of 1812 and the Civil War, this short-lived conflict was significant for the experience it provided a generation of professional

Australian Independent Company Commander – Major Edmonds-Wilson, No.1 Aust. Ind. Coy.

No.1 Australian Independent Company was, like the other token Australian forces deployed to the islands to our north prior to the outbreak of the Second World War in the Pacific, an experiment. Like Gull Force on Ambon, Sparrow Force on Timor, and Lark Force on New Britain, No.1 Coy was placed in a forward defensive position far from
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