Washington Sinks Australia – The Naval Treaty that sank our Battle Cruiser.

It is to be expected that naval vessels are liable to be sunk during wartime, but what about in periods of peace, by one’s own country, and intentionally, rather than by accident? Such an occurrence took place in Australia in the otherwise unremarkable year (by recent historical standards, that is), of 1924. The battle cruiser H.M.A.S. Australia was

Reverse Lend-Lease in WW2.

Readers of military history might be aware of the Lend-Lease program during the Second World War where the industrial powerhouse, the United States of America, provided materials to a number of Allied countries, including other powers such as Great Britain and Russia. Australia, which joined the Lend-Lease program in early September, 1942, three years after the beginning of

Australian WW2 Jungle Divisions – The Organisation of.

I’ve written previously that one of my goals with this blog is to shine a light on some of the lesser-known aspects of our military history, including military units that, because of their smaller size, ‘secondary’ or less glamorous role, are often relegated to the footnotes. In the Australian Army, the infantry has historically occupied the front pages

Infantryman and Commando – Colonel George Warfe D.S.O., M.C. – Part II.

In early 1943, George Warfe was a Captain, Temporary Major, and Officer Commanding the 2/3rd Australian Independent Company in the Wau-Salamaua Campaign in New Guinea. He was an active leader, physically fit and willing to do whatever he ordered his subordinates to do. At one stage he personally manned a Vickers Medium Machine Gun and staged a long-range

Supply in the Jungle – by Air.

Conventional wisdom has it that the Second World War in the Pacific was won by the Allies in two ways: supremacy in the air, and supremacy, or at least effectiveness, in the means and methods of supply. The air war in the Pacific, particularly in the South-West Pacific Area where Australian air and ground forces operated, has received

Memory Lingers.

For military historians and enthusiasts such as myself, armed conflicts cease on a nominated date. Governments count the financial and material cost, the combatants fold their tents and head off ‘home’ and that is the end of it. We move on. The public finds something else to focus upon. For those who have lost loved ones however, ‘moving

Gallipoli – The Lead-up (Part 2).

(Continued): The next meeting of the War Council on the 23rd of January confirmed the tentative decision of the 13th. The naval attack on the Dardanelles, with the ultimate objective being the capture of Constantinople, would proceed, the only military assistance envisaged being small parties of Royal Marines to complete the demolition of forts damaged by the bombardment.

Gallipoli – The Lead-Up (Part 1).

As early as the 19th of December, 1906, the possibility of the Turkish Dardanelles being a target in the event of war was being treated with caution, particularly in regards to a purely naval expedition without the aid of substantial forces on the ground. On the eve of the Great War, the 3rd of August, 1914, Britain announced

Wandumi, New Guinea, the 29th of January, 1943 – An Introduction.

2345 hours [11:45pm] 29th January, 1943, Wau, New Guinea: “Sitrep from Kanga stated at 0930 in the Wandumi area enemy strength was estimated to be from 300 to 500 on our direct front and large numbers by-passing fwd positions.” A ‘sitrep’ was a Situation Report and ‘Kanga’ was the name of the local area military headquarters which had

Infantryman and Commando – Colonel George Warfe D.S.O., M.C. – Part 1.

Colonel George Warfe was one of the most famous names in the Second A.I.F. during World War Two, at the very least within the Sixth Australian Division where he served most of his six years in uniform. Men who had never met him had heard of his exploits, and the stories of his experiences spread, embellished here and
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